the National Synod

of Dort,


Concerning the doctrine of Conradus

Vorstius, Doctor in



Whereunto is annexed the Decree of the Illustrious and mighty LL.

the Estates of Holland and West-Friesland,

ensuing upon the said sentence.


††††††††† Whereas it hath pleased the high and mighty LL the States general, by their noble and worthy Commissioners, to require this Synod, to deliver summarily their judgment concerning the divinity, or doctrine broached by Conradus Vorstius, Doctor of Divinity in his writings, and withal to declare, whether such his doctrine be fit to be taught in the Reformed Churches or Schools, as wholesome and tending to edification, or might without breach of piety be tolerated in the same: this venerable Synod, having in the fear of God dually weighed, and examined the premises, hath with joint suffrages declared, and by this present sentence doth declare, that the said Conrade Vorstius (besides that concerning the five controverted Articles, he defends and maintains the errors of the Remonstrants, rejected by this Synod) does in his later writings, but especially in the tractate, entitled, Of God, and his attributes, make bold with, not one or two Articles of the reformed religion, but most of the fundamental heads of divinity; namely, such as concern the Trinity of persons in the Godhead, the Simplicity, Infiniteness, Immensity, Essential Omnipresence, Omniscience, Omnipotence, Wisdom, and Immutability of the Essence of God; as also concerning the Creation, the Providence of God, the Hypostatic Union of two natures in Christ, the full and perfect satisfaction performed by Christ for our sins, the justification of man before God by Faith, and many other articles particularized, as well by the most high and mighty King of Great Britain, as by divers professed divines; the said Vorstius in those points, partly calling into question many things, the certain and resolved truth whereof hath long since out of Godís word been received, and professed by all reformed Churches: and partly avouching expressly many things contrary to the truth of God, revealed in the holy Scriptures, and to the Confessions of all Reformed Churches, impeaching Godís glory, hurtful to piety and manís salvation, and either wholly consorting, or very near bordering upon the blasphemies of the baleful heretic Socinus.

††††††††† And moreover, that he in many passages of his writings, doth most dangerously undermine the chief grounds, founded upon Godís word, and thence soundly deduced both by venerable antiquity, and also by later Reformed Doctors, for the establishing of orthodox doctrine, especially such as prove the eternal deity of our Lord Jesus Christ, without substituting in the place of those arguments any other for the further confirmation of the true doctrine. Also, that he uses busily to propound, and urge to the utmost such sophisms, as may involve and encumber the truth; and, as for assoiling them, never to attempt it, but rather to leave them in their full strength, that they may stick in the minds of his readers. So that it manifestly appears, that his intent was cunningly to make way for the secret instilling of the impious heresies of Socinus and others: and that he, under pretence of inquiring, doth bestir himself to seduce others. And for amends, he hath, though to no purpose, endeavored for the hiding of his said slights, to daub them over with divers vain distinctions, frivolous excuses, wretched shifts, and juggling dissimulations.

††††††††† And therefore, that not only this his dissolute license in skeptical questioning of the principle heads of Christian religion, his slippery, doubtful, and winding manner of teaching is pernicious to Godís Church, ill befitting such high and sacred matter, and in that regard most unworthy an orthodox teacher; but more especially, that his doctrine itself concerning many very weighty points, is in no wise to be tolerated in Reformed Churches and schools, but to be thence banished and rooted out, with detestation, as being contrary both to the word of God, and to the Confessions of the Reformed Churches, impious, blasphemous, and many ways contumelious against the Majesty and truth of God.

††††††††† But as for Conradus Vorstius himself, who as yet hath abated no whit of his errors, and hath obstinately contemned the admonitions, and judgments of Reformed Princes, Doctors, Universities, and Churches, not caring to make any due reparation of that scandal, which by his book he hath raised, the Synod declares him to be altogether unworthy of the function and name of an Orthodox Professor, and Doctor.

††††††††† Lastly, this Synod doth earnestly, and fervently entreat the Illustrious and mighty LL. the Estates General, that they would be pleased by their authority, quickly to take away this scandal from the Reformed Churches; and withal to take, order that the Belgic Churches be no longer infected with this spot, and with such heresies, and blasphemous opinions; and that for the effecting hereof the writings of this Vorstius, and of other the like, may with all possible caution be suppressed. And withal prayeth unto God, more and more to keep, and establish the Reformed Churches in peace, and in the profession of Orthodox Doctrine, against such profane heresies, and contentions, and confusions, arising out of them: and mercifully to enlighten, and bring back into the way of truth, the said Conradus Vorstius, and all others, that wander with him, that the Church may rejoice, rather for their conversion, than their confusion.


Concluded, and pronounced in the National

Synod of Dort, May 1619


This we testify,


Of the Synod:

Johannes Bogermannus, President

Jacobus Rolandus, Assistant

Heamannus Faukelius, Assistant

Sebastianus Damman, Scribe

Festus Hommius, Scribe




Home††††††††††††††††††† Contents†††††††††††††† Previous††††††††††††††† Next